Because they are the last molars to grow at the back of the mouth, wisdom teeth have to force themselves out through the small spaces left in the gum, which often causes them to become impacted. Impacted wisdom teeth cause swelling, bleeding, pain, gum infections, and other severe oral complications.
To avoid these complications, dentists recommend that you remove your wisdom teeth as soon as they emerge, regardless of whether they are impacted or not. In any case, they are not useful in any way.
However, when you want to remove your wisdom teeth, look for an experienced oral surgeon to avoid complications. One of the most common problems associated with wisdom teeth extraction is dry socket. In this article, we will discuss the various aspects of dry socket after wisdom teeth extraction.
What is Dry Socket
Clinically referred to as alveolar osteitis, dry socket typically occurs two to three days after tooth extraction. It’s characterized by throbbing pain, bad breath, and a foul taste in your mouth. This problem results from the irritation of the jawbone during or after tooth removal. Although this problem is not very common, it is quite prevalent in tooth extraction procedures involving impacted wisdom teeth.
When this inflammation occurs, the important blood clot at the surgical site fails to develop, gets dislodged, or dissolves before your wound is healed. This blood clot is necessary for protecting the underlying jawbone and nerves in the empty socket. It also offers the foundation for the development of new jawbone and soft tissue.
So, in the absence of this clot, your jawbone and nerve endings are left exposed, leading to intense pain. The pain spreads from the socket to the entire side of the face through the nerves. Food particles will be trapped in the empty socket, causing more pain and foul smell.
How to Prevent Dry Socket After Wisdom Teeth Extraction
The easiest way to prevent a dry socket after wisdom teeth removal is to find the right tooth, extraction surgeon. An experienced surgeon knows what to do to encourage the formation of a blood clot in the socket. Also, avoid smoking or taking blood-thinning medications before and after the surgery because they can lead to excessive bleeding and interfere with blood clotting.
It would help if you also avoided intense activities like sports and heavy lifting after the surgery because they can lead to the clot’s dislocation in the socket. Avoid straws for at least one week because sucking on the straw can dislodge the clot.